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In 2009, KESCOM launched a project dubbed ‘integrating community based conservation with ecotourism on Funzi Island’. Supported by IUCN NL, the project sought to underke sea turtle conservation while improving the linkages between sea turtle conservation initiatives and poverty reduction measures. To achieve this, a crucial component was to develop alternative revenue and income bases through the community-based ecotourism ventures in order to develop and maintain economic benefits to the community at Funzi.

The Funzi Turtle Club acquired a boat and outboard engine and also participated in a series of trainings on ecotourism and handicraft production, making use of flip flops and plastic bags collected during the frequent beach clean-ups. In the course of the year, the club’s management capacity was greatly fostered through presentations on tour guiding, financial as well as enterprise management.

The boat ‘kasa ngozi’ is also used for in-water monitoring and patrols, an activity that has dealt a blow to would be sea turtle poachers around the island. Beach patrols were intensified as was habitat rehabilitation through mangrove replanting. Other regular activities included in-situ nest protection, tagging-and release, collection of vital sea turtle data as well as education and awareness campaigns.

Today, Funzi turtle club successfully runs an ecotourism enterprise incorporating an exciting homestay programme and also produces various interesting handicrafts for the local and international markets.

The message spread through the frequent education and awareness sessions seem to have hit home with visible community support for conservation activities in evidence. The island, now christened ‘the turtle island’ is a model on how conservation can gain immense community support while contributing to poverty alleviation strategies.

KESCOM continues to monitor the project and support the club in their activities. This year, thanks to support from Seacology, we hope to construct a marine centre in Funzi, to further streamline the club’s activities.

We sincerely thank IUCN NL for funding this project. Our hearty appreciation also goes to GVI, who have really done a lot in building the capacity Funzi turtle club, as well as greatly contributed to the homestay programme. Asante! KWS shimoni and Mombasa, we appreciate your continued support.

Asante sana to the Funzi community for your cooperation and for embracing this noble project. Our thanks also go to KESCOM staff who managed the project to successful completion and most importanly, to our trustees for the unwaivering support.

KESCOM activities

KESCOM has over the years in collaboration with other stakeholders been active in the conservation and management of sea turtles in Kenya. Rigorous targeted education and awareness campaigns at different societal levels have ensured that the community is more aware of this precious resource and the need to sustainably use and/or conserve it. And with Turtle Conservation groups on the ground that are widely spread along the Kenyan Coast doing regular turtle monitoring patrols and beach clean ups, turtle and egg poaching cases have reduced. Groups that reside near mangrove ecosystems, which harbor quite a diverse number of birds and benthic organisms, are more active in restoration of these forests in degraded areas. Further capacity building trainings on leadership, awareness and advocacy skills on TCGs coupled by exchange visits facilitated by KESCOM has enabled improvement of the abilities of the groups to manage conservation programs. KESCOM has also helped facilitate implementation of donor-funded pilot ecotourism project with Funzi Turtle Club located in Funzi Island in a bid to improve the livelihoods of the community in the area. Some groups like Bureni Turtle Watch have initiated self-reliance projects such as selling of t-shirts and beaded keys rings to support their turtle conservation programs (more information at Other income generation activities initiated by groups are making of organic soap and handicrafts from flip-flops by Funzi Turtle Club; weaving of mats by Ozi friends of conservation; and crab culture, snake farming & tour guided boat trips at Mida creek by Mida Creek Conservation Group.

Protect our nesting beaches

“Protecting more nesting beaches is not a politically or socially simple endeavor, but it is the only way to avoid the risk of putting all turtle eggs in a very few baskets.” Several community based turtle conservation groups TCGs) under the umbrella of KESCOM have adopted the nest protection program in an endeavor to protect the nesting beaches. Through monitoring and patrol of nesting beaches poaching of eggs has been greatly reduced in Kenya and consequently hatchling releases are on the increase. Further with scheduled monthly beach clean ups, the nesting beaches in Kenya have been made clean and safe for nesting turtles to lay their eggs. These activities play a very important role in the worldwide efforts of contributing towards population increase of these endangered creatures.

A Green turtle hatchling

A turtle hatchling heading to the sea after emerging from a nest at Bureni beach, North of the Kenyan coast

14 turtle conservation groups benefit from KESCOM’s capacity building program

It is now recognized that the success of resource conservation initiatives requires the support of the resource users. However capacity building of the very resource users is of essence if the initiatives are to succeed. In the months of February and March, 2010 and with the financial support of Community Development Trust Fund, 14 TCGs under the umbrella of KESCOM were trained on sea turtle monitoring and patrols. These were Funzi Turtle Club, Bodo TCG, Msambweni Turtle & Marine Conservation Group, Diani TCG, Jimbo Environment Group, Tiwi Group, Takaungu TCG, Roka TCG, Mayungu TCG, Dabaso TCG, Bureni turtle Watch, Ozi friends of conservation, Tana friends of marine environment, Delta friends of Conservation all widely distributed along the Kenyan coast. It is to the expectations of the facilitators that beach patrol and monitoring, identification and reporting of nesting activity/nest translocations, nest protection and hatchlings programs, mortality reports, tagging and tag recovery activities shall improve.

Bodo training

Participants of the Bodo training

Crush survives net entanglement

Crush-a turtle

This turtle named ‘crush’ was rescued from a fisherman net at Funzi Bay, in Funzi Island south of the Kenyan coast. The green turtle (Chelonia mydas) locally known as Kawa wa Kawaida was later tagged and released into the sea by a members of a local turtle community conservation group, Funzi Turtle Club. Conservation efforts by the club members have seen quite a number of sea turtles rescued from fishermen nets over the years.


Hi all,    Follow the link below of the KESCOM annual report to get informed about the 2009 KESCOM’s achievemets.  annual-report-2009.pdf                                                                                                                                                                     



Yesterday I got a chance to participate in a beach clean-up exercise that was organized by Msambweni Turtle and Marine Conservation Group. This happened at Mwaembe beach one of the major nesting site for sea turtles in the area. Infact during this particular three kilometers beach clean up am informed that there are three nests that are due for hatching in December. The young, old, men and women, all dedicated members were here to volunteer in making the beach environment clean and conducive for the turtles. The oldest member of the group is Mzee Salim. He’s seventy-six year old and his old age does not deter him from joining the rest of the members in participating in turtle conservation activities. He manages to complete the two-hour exercise together with the rest of us. We collected approximately ten kilograms of litter ranging form flip-flops, bottles, sacks, ropes, paper bags and so on. It is however unfortunate that I did not get a chance to be a part of the sorting process where the litter is sorted out into different categories because I ran out of time and had to rush back to Mombasa. However the members promised me that I would get the data once they meet and did the sorting. They hope to recycle it into useful items in the near future. I also gave them some of the children storybooks that were recently donated to KESCOM by the Save Our Seas Foundation. The group will use these books to create awareness especially to school children.I left the place at around six in the evening and I sure had a wonderful time. I hope to go back soon, this time to witness the hatchling release of the three nests.  Mzee Salim.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Rose 

The cry of the turtles

I recently attended a workshop on the impact of shoreline changes in Kenya and Tanzania. A study that had been carried out, revealed that in most places, a lot of land is gradually being lost with sea level rise. In beaches like Bamburi (north coast of Mombasa), landowners are putting up seawalls to ‘avert erosion’. Untouched beaches are fast dying out. What concerned me is the impact of this on marine life especially sea turtles. What used to be natural beaches, hence nesting sites, are now unrecognizable. With the walls come the lights, spelling doom to nesting seaturtles.

  Forest destruction to pave way for residential development in Funzi

Then one researcher mentioned that on the Kenyan south coast, Funzi Island provides a good example of what ‘exotic and untouched’ means. My heart sank! Funzi is currently invaded by scores of private developers, cutting down forests and buiding cottages! My friends Sergi and Nick of GVI (Shimoni) share my sorrow. When they visited Funzi, they could not believe the extent of destruction going on.


That is why today i am pulling my hair out. From a moral and environmental standpoint, it’s all so wrong. We are deliberately killing the last of these magnificent creatures. Mother Earth will get us for this! This must stop!


KESCOM has intensified public awareness of the existence, status, threats and conservation of sea turtles in Kenya. It has achieved this through enhanced newspaper articles, newsletters, brochures, t-shirt distribution and presentations and lectures in schools and hotels. Awareness in hotels and schools  has ongoing been since early this month.

Above: Students pose for a photo after a lecture on sea turtles held

BELOW: A tourist displays a KESCOM t-shirt he recieved, during a sea turtle lecture at Sun n’ Sand  hotel, Mombasa.

KESCOM hopes to reach a larger public, to pass on important information concerning sea turtle and there status in an effort to conserve and protect these magnificent yet endangered animals.